Accessibility means ensuring people of all abilities have opportunities to participate fully in everyday life. Accessibility refers to the ability to access and benefit from a system, service, product, or environment. Some of the barriers which might prevent people from accessing an opportunity include ability, age, culture, economy, gender, geography, sexual orientation.

advisory committee or panel

A group of artists, arts administrators, and/or community members convened by MAC to advise upon issues, policies, or programs.

applicant profile

An account in MAC’s online granting system where applicants enter information to establish eligibility for grants.


An arrangement in which someone learns an art, skill, or trade.


The Manitoba Arts Council is an arm’s-length government agency. Granting decisions are made independently of political influence.

artistic merit

A standard exhibited by creative work or artistic product or practice that is characterized by such qualities as experimentation, clarity, rigour, relevance, and cultural integrity.

arts groups (including collectives)

See professional arts groups.

artists’ fees

Compensation paid to artists for their work or for the use of their work.

arts-based inquiry

A collaborative approach to learning using one or more artistic disciplines as tools to engage students in mindful and creative cross-curricular investigation and experimentation. Knowledge and understanding is built through an active, open-minded exploration of a meaningful question, problem, or issue.

arts/cultural professional

A professional in the arts, recognized by their peers, whose work supports and facilitates the arts in an arts discipline (i.e., administrators, producers, technicians, editors, cultural connectors, etc.).


See peer assessment.


barriers to access

Limitations in the ability to experience arts, engage with other artists, take advantage of services including arts funding, etc., as a result of being located outside Winnipeg or being part of specific populations that have been historically underserved based on ability, age, culture, economy, gender, geography, sexual orientation, etc.


capital expenses

Capital expenses include the purchase of equipment and other permanent assets that have a lasting value of more than one year.

certified educational institution

An educational institution that meets the requirements for registration under provincial or territorial legislation, and is certified by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).

co-learning and co-creation

Co-learning is the process of learning from one another, i.e. teachers learn from students just as students learn from teachers. Co-creation occurs when all parties (students, teachers, and artists) participate in the development of project goals, action plans, and outcomes. Placing students at the centre of co-learning and co-creation recognizes that students are active partners in their learning experiences.

community arts practice

A recognized field of artistic practice characterized by interaction between a professional artist(s) and a specific community (cultural, geographic, social, etc.).

community engaged projects

Projects that include activities that go beyond conventional forms of presentation to deepen the relationship between the artist(s) and/or presenter, the art and the audience/community. Examples include Q&A’s, artist talks, workshops involving the community.

community not-for-profit organization

  • is governed by a board of directors or an advisory body responsible for the organization
  • has been active in the province for at least one year prior to applying
  • engages in artistic and/or cultural activity
  • is based in Manitoba
  • operates as a not-for profit

conflict of interest

MAC defines “conflict of interest” as a situation in which a nominator or an assessor could benefit from an assessment decision, whether that decision is to award or decline. This benefit may be personal, professional, or financial. A conflict of interest may also refer to a situation in which an assessor could be perceived as having a bias towards or against an application.

The exclusive right to copy a creative work, or to license others to copy a creative work; may include the right to publish, produce, reproduce, perform, translate, rent, etc.

critical diversity

The equal inclusion of people from varied backgrounds. It especially refers to inclusion of those who are considered to be different from traditional members because of exclusionary practices.


Interaction between artists and professionals from different sectors (i.e. fibre artist and neurologist.)

cultural appropriation

The unacknowledged or inappropriate adoption of the customs, practices, ideas, etc. of one people or society by members of another and typically more dominant people or society.

cultural integrity

The practice of respecting and honouring the ownership of materials, traditions, and knowledges that originate from a particular culture or community. Cultural integrity can be demonstrated by following cultural protocols (rules); properly acknowledging and compensating contributors; and using materials in ethical and informed ways. Procedures may differ when representing one’s own culture versus another culture. See Cultural Integrity document for further details.

curriculum vitae (CV)

Documentation of education, professional activities including public presentation and publication, awards, and accomplishments.



A severe to profound hearing loss, with little or no residual hearing. Many Deaf people identify as culturally Deaf, sharing distinct sign languages, traditions, histories, and values. Individuals may identify as having a disability rather than being culturally Deaf.


A disability is any condition that makes it more difficult for a person to do certain activities or interact with the world around them. These conditions may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.


emerging artist

See professional artist.

established artist

See professional artist.


final report

A narrative and/or financial report accounting for activities supported through a MAC grant to an individual, group, or organization. This documentation is submitted after the activity is completed.


A French-speaking person.



The system by which an organization makes and implements decisions in pursuit of its objectives, and the way in which it empowers its leadership to take accountability for those decisions.

grant renewal report

Reporting and projecting narrative and financial information on a multi-year grant.



A payment for services rendered wherein no industry standard exists.



Indigenous is the collective name for the original peoples of Turtle Island (North America), who are comprised of First Nations, Metis, Inuit, and non-status peoples (see definition of non-status).

Indigenous Knowledge Keeper

An individual whose role within Indigenous communities (First Nations, Metis, Inuit, and non-status) supports the preservation, retention, maintenance, and knowledge transfer of specific Indigenous worldviews, cultural practices, and traditions through art and creative practice.

Indigenous-led organization

Indigenous led organizations have:

  • Indigenous people who are central to the organization’s governance, vision, delivery, and decision-making.
  • A board of directors or an identified governance group with oversight and decision-making authority, made up of at least 51% First Nations, Métis, or Inuit individuals.
  • 51% Indigenous staff (including executive and senior levels).

Indigenous traditional knowledge

Traditional knowledge includes land-based knowledge, Indigenous cultural practices, and traditional cultural expressions in the form of music, dance, song, handicrafts, designs, stories, artwork, and elements of language.

in-kind donation

Materials or services donated to an individual, group, organization or project. The value of the materials or services can be estimated in financial terms.


A characteristic of artistic activity that integrates and transforms distinct art forms into a new work outside the usual framework of the contributing art forms.

interim report

A narrative and financial report specific to multi-year grants submitted midway between the start and completion of the activity.






A directive or official instruction given to an organization that establishes the parameters of its existence.

matching revenue

An amount of revenue from sources other than the Manitoba Arts Council that equals the amount of grant money requested.


An individual with extensive knowledge and experience in a particular art form or practice who transmits this knowledge to another (usually less experienced) person.


The essential activity of an organization that constitutes its primary purpose.



Refers to any First Nations person who is not registered with the Canadian federal government or is not registered to a band which signed a treaty with the Crown.

northern and remote

Communities above the 53rd parallel or with limited access to public services and resources.


operating grant

A grant awarded to an arts organization to help pay ongoing costs of maintaining the activities, programming, governance, and administration of the organization.

organizational capacity building

Organizational capacity building seeks to strengthen the ability of an organization to achieve a desired outcome. This may be defined as: “Supporting organizations to build and maintain the skills, infrastructure, and resources to achieve their mission.”


peer assessment

Peer assessment is the cornerstone of MAC’s granting process. Peer assessors are qualified artists or arts/cultural professionals with experience and knowledge relevant to the applications under consideration. They are individuals capable of making an informed assessment of grant applications, and of awarding funds. See the Peer Assessment Handbook for further details.

professional artist

An individual who has a practice in an artistic field, including craft, dance, literary arts, media arts, music, theatre, visual arts.
To be considered eligible for funding at MAC as a professional artist, an applicant must meet at least three of the following criteria:

    • be recognized as a professional by their peers (artists working in the same artistic tradition);
    • have specialized training in the artistic field (not necessarily in academic institutions);
    • show significant commitment to their art practice;
    • have a history of professional public presentation, publication, or being engaged with a practice in a public context;
    • have received compensation for their artistic work at a level consistent with other professionals working in the same art form.

emerging artist:

    • is in the early stages of their professional career and beyond basic training;
    • has up to five years of artistic activity, not including student work; and
    • has a minimum of one professional presentation or publication.

mid-career artist:

    • has between five and 15 years of professional activity; and
    • has a minimum of three professional presentations or publications.

established artist:

    • has more than 15 years of professional activity;
    • has a minimum of five professional presentations or publications;
    • has received compensation for their artistic work at a level consistent with other professionals working in the same art form.

professional arts group

  • a group, ensemble or collective made up of two or more members working in an artistic practice;
  • has a majority of members that are professional Manitoba artists;
  • engages and pays professional fees to artists;
  • must be able to receive a grant payable to its name.

professional arts organization

  • supports professional artistic work in any discipline;
  • is led by paid, qualified professional personnel;
  • is governed by a board of directors or an advisory body responsible for the organization;
  • engages or supports professional artists and pays professional fees to artists;
  • is based in Manitoba and has been active in the province for at least one year prior to applying;
  • is incorporated;
  • operates as a not-for-profit;
  • operates as for-profit (publishers only).

professional arts service organization

  • supports the development of professional artists and the art form
  • is led by paid qualified personnel
  • has professional membership
  • is governed by a board of directors or an advisory body responsible for the organization
  • has been active in the province for a at least one year prior to applying
  • is based in Manitoba
  • operates as a not-for profit

professional development

The increase of knowledge or skill through study, travel, research, workshops, apprenticeships, residencies, etc.

professional fee

Compensation paid to artists for their work or for the use of their work. Standardized rates are established by service organizations in each field of practice. See MAC’s Professional Fees resource.

public reading

Readings by professional Manitoban authors, open to the public, which are hosted by community organizations, libraries and schools. Fees are based on the Writers’ Union of Canada’s National Readings Program rates.



reasonable accommodation

A reasonable accommodation is an adjustment made to accommodate an individual or group based on a proven need. That need can vary. Accommodations can be physical, mental, or emotional. A reasonable accommodation may not impose a disproportionate or undue hardship.


Process of canceling and/or paying back an awarded grant. Full or partial rescinds may occur when an applicant is unable to complete the project as proposed in the application or when a project is completed without using all of the awarded funds.


A program that places an artist in a community or organization for an extended period of time to do one or a combination of the following: produce new work; engage in mentorship or gain new skills to build one’s artistic practice; broaden the network and market for one’s professional artistic practice; and/or community engagement beyond one’s established circles.

royalty fee

Royalties are considered payments received as compensation for using or allowing the use of copyrighted material. This can include payments in regard to literary works, plays, screenplays, film works, and The Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada (SOCAN) fees to composers.


safe working conditions

A safe workplace is one where everyone feels safe and secure and enjoys a positive environment that encourages respect.Safe working conditions are measures which ensure the wellbeing of all involved. They may pertain to the physical space or to working policies and procedures relating to harassment, employment equity, and health and safety. In Canada, every workplace is regulated by either the Federal or Provincial government and is required by law to meet applicable occupational health legislation.

student of the arts

A student (over the age of 18), intent on a professional career as an artist, studying at a certified program of study in any arts discipline, who is enrolled as a full-time student at an undergraduate or graduate level at a post-secondary institution (professional training school, university, or college).



A program or event taking place in two or more communities within Manitoba. Activities might be held in a theatre, a gallery, a school, a library, a community centre, or any other space or site. Activities can involve live performances, readings, exhibitions, screenings, workshops, cultural knowledge sharing, or a combination of these.

traditional art form

An art form, which has been transmitted from generation to generation and pertains to a particular people or territory; may include knowledge systems, creations, and/or cultural expressions.



visible minority

Persons, other than Indigenous people, who, because of their race or colour, are a visible minority.